Forex Trading Sessions


There is about a 3 to 4-hour trading period when liquidity is highest in these two trading sessions. Thus, we have reviewed the main Forex trading sessions, as well as the schedule of trading sessions. Now you know that the greatest volatility is observed during the European trading session, and at this time you can trade any major currency pairs.

forex transactions

Hence, the importance of the Asian Open trading period is understandable. A national currency is a legal tender issued by a central bank or monetary authority used to exchange goods and services. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation.

  • In these situations, newer traders often set themselves up for huge losses without even realizing it.
  • London is a key financial center, so there is the highest volatility during this session.
  • The session is mostly influenced by activity in the US, with contributions from Canada, Mexico and a few countries in South America.
  • Please note that such trading analysis is not a reliable indicator for any current or future performance, as circumstances may change over time.
  • The content of this website must not be construed as personal advice.

As Forex traders, it is very important to know when the Forex market opens and closes what is the availability of the market. Moreover, it is important to understand how do the different trading hours or sessions impact your trading strategy. When trading hours in London and the United States overlap, it is the most advantageous time to conduct Forex Trading in South Africa. The market is experiencing strong liquidity, with the highest number of traders present during this period in conjunction with significant price movements. The four main forex trading sessions are Asian, European, Sydney, and North America, which are also referred to as the Tokyo, London, and New York Sessions.

The Japanese Yen is the third most widely traded currency in the world after the United States Dollar and European Euro. Around 1 in 5 (17%) of all forex transactions include the Yen, while the Asian session accounts for 20% of total forex trading activity. The Asian markets have already been closed for a number of hours by the time the North American session comes online, but the day is only halfway through for European traders. The Western session is dominated by activity in the U.S., with contributions from Canada, Mexico, and countries in South America. As such, it comes as little surprise that activity in New York City marks the high volatility and participation for the session.

Different Forex Trading Sessions Explained

As we remember, the Tokyo session is known as the Asian session, the London session is known as the European session, and the new York session is also called the American trading session. For those who have not yet chosen a reliable broker, we offer you to view an independent rating of Forex brokers with real reviews of traders. Trading is not an exact science, there are no certainties and markets do change over time. It is about determining patterns and trends, assessing probabilities and balancing risk vs potential reward.

A session is measured from the opening bell to the closing bell during a single day of business within a given financial market. The session price is the price of a stock over the trading session and may sometimes refer to a stock’s closing price. Sometimes sessions will overlap, such as a four-hour period for peak activity in both Europe and North America. Your time zone and availability will also determine the best assets for you to trade. For instance, if you are available to trade from 0800hrs GMT to 1200hrs GMT , you are better off trading EUR and GBP pairs.

Unless you’re using trading robots, you need to pick the best time to trade forex and that largely depends on your trading strategy. That’s all well and good, but your average forex trader can’t sit at his computer 24/5 watching charts and placing orders. Forex traders have the choice of several trading sessions and choose their forex trading times to suit their trading needs. For the above four major forex trading sessions, there a historically three peak forex trading sessions.


Because of its time zone, London in the morning overlaps with the Asian and New York trading sessions in the afternoon. About 1 in 5 (17%) forex transactions are traded during the North American trading session, otherwise known as the New York Open. The Asian session has been closed for a few hours and the European session is mid-way. It’s the start of a new day in New York, home to the largest stock exchange in the world.

There are usually alternatives to trading in this session, and a trader should balance the need for favorable market conditions with outlying factors, such as physical well-being. If a market participant from the U.S. prefers to trade the active hours for GBP/JPY, they must wake up early in the morning to keep up with the market. There are many other notable countries that are present during this period, however, including China, Australia, New Zealand, and Russia. Considering how scattered these markets are, it makes sense that the beginning and end of the Asian session are stretched beyond the standard Tokyo hours. When liquidity is restored to the forex market at the start of the week, the Asian markets are naturally the first to see action.

Don’t miss out on great trading opportunities

The session takes over in keeping the currency market active just before the Asian trading hours come to a close. This FX time zone is very dense and includes a number of major financial markets. London has taken the honors in defining the parameters for the European session to date. Volatility is dependent on the liquidity of the currency pair and is shown by how much the price moves over a period of time.

Unofficially, activity from this part of the world is represented by the Tokyo capital markets and spans from midnight to 6 a.m. The more traders…trading, the higher the trading volume, and the more active the market. Sydney is considered a quiet forex session and provides traders with ample opportunity to place trades either before or after work hours.

Each trading session is not necessarily and equally the best time to trade though. At night, quotes usually move slowly, while in the daytime, the volatility increases sharply. Forex trading sessions differ by working hours and trade peculiarities. Every session can be characterized by the most traded currency, the volatility level, and the degree of impact of fundamental factors.


Although there is always a market for this most liquid of asset classes called forex, there are times when price action is consistently volatile and periods when it is muted. What’s more, different currency pairs exhibit varying activity over certain times of the trading day due to the general demographic of those market participants who are online at the time. This session is a ranging one something like 90% or maybe even more of the time, especially during summer trading. The Asian session is usually governed by algorithmic trading, as before settling down for the day, London and New York traders instruct robots to buy or sell on breaks.

Forex – The Market which is open 24 hours a day

Its content represents the general views of our editors and does not consider individual readers’ personal circumstances, experience, or current financial situation. Trading in the financial markets can both be captivating and a stimulating experience, which can potentially lead to gambling behaviors. While both ‘Trading vs Gambling’ entails taking risks to make a… The Sydney and Tokyo sessions may have lower volatility, but they can still offer good opportunities, especially for those who prefer trading in lower volatility environments. The New York session can also be a good option, especially for those looking to trade the release of key economic data from the United States. Whether you have decided to open a forex account or intend to do so, there are certainly plenty of factors to consider.

currencies to trade

And, according to statistics, about 85% of transactions are related to the US dollar. Thus, if there is strong news related to the US economy, it also leads to high volatility in currency pairs with the us dollar. However, it is recommended to trade only major pairs such as EURUSD, GBPUSD, USDCAD, USDCHF and USDJPY, as these pairs have very narrow spreads. Another reason to stick with these pairs is that news reports about these currency pairs usually come during a given session, increasing their volatility even more.

Her expertise is in personal finance and investing, and real estate. As a trader, you need the assistance of the level of support and resistance to enter a good trade and exit accordingly. Combining this with indicators will further enhance your prospect to earn a hefty profit.

Technical analysisis a very essential part of successful Forex trading as it helps identify the overall price trend, optimal entry and exit points, as well as support and resistance levels. A technical analyst analyzes past market data, such as prices, volumes, and trends, using which they can predict future price movements with greater accuracy during different trading sessions. Hence it is a must for Forex traders to develop a proper understanding of forex market hours and adjust their trading strategies accordingly if they want to hit the jackpot. Furthermore, keeping an eye on theeconomic calendarwill help you stay informed of all important market activities. Trading in the forex market would be most successful if you were to do so during the most active periods of the market.

It is common for traders to mistake luck for a developed skill if the trade moves in their favour. In these situations, newer traders often set themselves up for huge losses without even realizing it. You may find a handful of winners purely by luck, but the likelihood of continuing success for them is almost zero.

Lascia un commento

Scroll to top