## Why You Should Know the Profitability Index of Your Business

If you’re interested in mastering the Profitability Index and other Investment Appraisal / Capital Budgeting techniques, then you should definitely check out the course. And if you still are, well it’s almost certainly not as straightforward a decision/choice as you thought it was before. The problem is that this doesn’t factor in the magnitude of the investment requirement.

Project B on the other hand has a PI of 1.4 with expected cash flows of $235,000 in year one, $256,000 in year two and $248,000 in the third year. In other instances, you may have a list of the specific expected cash flows for every year the new project is to run. In that case, the same formulas stand, only that you will have a longer process to follow. The present value of future cash flow seeks to understand how valuable the returns to be received are.

- Finally, the profitability index of the project is calculated by dividing the present value of all the future value of cash flow from the project by the initial investment in the project .
- The profitability index tends to score short-term gains better than long-term gains, which means some companies may choose the wrong project to complete what comparing their options.
- Investment decisions are the firm’s decision to invest its funds, most efficiently, into long-term assets.

Decision-makers at all levels need quantitative tools that help them to improve the quality of those decisions, whether short-term or long-term decisions. Each company may choose different KPIs, depending on its goals and operational processes. Some KPIs are used by a wide variety of companies in different industries, like operating and net profit margin, sales growth and accounts receivable turnover. Companies may also choose KPIs that are specific to their industry. For example, manufacturers may track KPIs that measure how quickly and efficiently they convert their investment in fixed assets and inventory into cash, such as fixed asset turnover and inventory turnover.

## How to calculate PI when the PV of future cash flows is known – Example

You shouldn’t invest in the project until and unless you consider it better than other projects available during the period. If you find that the PI of all other projects to be negative, then consider investing in this project. Now we assume that John Brothers can undertake only one of these two projects. The net present value analysis favors project 1 because its NPV number is bigger than project 2.

Since the project is still yet to happen, thereâ€™s no telling how much the return of investment will be. Instead, managers and other team members involved will base their calculations on estimates. Now, itâ€™s worth noting that the business world is continually changing. While a project may be a good investment today, it could quickly turn into a terrible investment tomorrow. By calculating the PI, youâ€™ll determine whether the project will lead to the improvement of your companyâ€™s bottom line or not.

Where represents the specific annual expected cash flow for each project; reflects the discount rate , in this case, 8.5%. And represents the time frame for each project, in this case, 5 years. Financial KPIs are metrics tied directly to financial values that a company uses to monitor and analyze key aspects of its business.

Investment decisions are the firm’s decision to invest its funds, most efficiently, into long-term assets. The firms do so because it expects the investment to provide them with some benefits over a single or a series of years. Decisions like launching an advertisement campaign or a research and development program have serious implications on the firm because they involve huge money.

## NPV vs IRR vs PB vs PI vs ARR

The discounting or deduction from the future cash is made because $1 today is worth more than the value of $1 received in the future since you have the potential to earn more investing it now. PV considers all the returns over the life span of the project using the time value calculation. After that, we need to get the total amount of PV of future cash flows so that we will add up the obtained amounts for all five years. We will then include this amount in the initial formula for the position of the numerator. At the same time, we will have the amount of the initial investment in the position of the denominator. When determining the profitability index, it is necessary to follow specific established rules.

They can be based on any kind of data that is important to a company, such as sales per square foot of retail space, click-through rate for web ads or accounts closed per salesperson. Many KPIs are ratios that highlight important relationships in data, such as the ratio of profit to revenue or the ratio of current assets to current liabilities. A single KPI measurement can provide a useful snapshot of the business’s health at a specific point in time.

## How to Calculate Profitability Index

The procedure for obtaining the amount in the table above was done so that we took separate present values of future cash flows and discounted them at a rate of 10%. The assessment of industrial investment projects in well-developed countries is based on traditional and new, more rational methods profitability index focus on that can be characterized as reliable and proven methods. We can then single out a unique term, more precisely an economic indicator called the profitability index. This indicator has proven to be excellent in assessing the economic effects of projects or companies in all aspects of the business.

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## The Time Value of Money Is Important

If there are changes to the cash flows that are unanticipated, then the NPV will be incorrect and the profitability index will be useless to use. The profitability index is a tool which investors can use to understand the degree of expected profits that may come from a specific investment. To calculate the profitability index, you will first need to know how much you intend to invest to get the returns you want for the future. Then you include the NPV , which is the current price of the future cash flow that is anticipated. It takes into consideration the time value of money and the risk of future cash flows through the cost of capital.

The index is a useful tool for ranking investment projects and showing the value created per unit of investment. When we talk about the advantages of using this indicator, they are numerous. It is one of the most desirable instructions for performing a budget because, unlike other indicators, it directly indicates the ratio instead of the numbers. It gives users an insight into the value per unit of investment. Its ease of use helps companies and analysts rank projects according to their cost-effectiveness. When calculating, it considers the time value of money, which clearly shows whether a certain investment will result in a positive or negative value.

The very nature of the profitability index will give you a good idea of the worth of the project you are looking to invest in. Being a means of telling which project is worth investing in, the profitability index gives a number which you need to interpret. Where n is the number of year in which the given cash flow amount is received. This is from the earlier-mentioned idea that the current value of money is not equal to its value later in time, e.g. 1 year later.

## Differences between the NPV vs IRR vs PB vs PI vs ARR

On the other hand, if a company experiences a reduction in profits, its value goes down. If this happens for two consecutive years, stock prices get affected and investors may sell their shares. This also helps in correctly comparing different projects so as to minimize the risk of making the wrong choice. Although the cost-benefit analysis is applicable in all areas of life, there is no situation better suited for it than the investment world.

The higher the PI ratio, the more attractive the proposed project is and the more likely it will be pursued. If the PI is equal to 1, the project breaks even and the company is indifferent between proceeding or not proceeding with the project. If the PI is less than 1, the project destroys value and the company should not proceed with the project.

This means that the company cannot meet the full demand for its products, so its production is determined on the basis of the contribution margin of the scare resource for each product as explained in step of the Table . Discounted payback period method is the same as the payback period method. The only difference in discounting payback method is that the payback period is calculated on the basis of discounted future cash flows.

This means each invested dollar is generating a revenue of 1.2 dollars. If the profitability index is more than 1, the project should be accepted & if it is less than 1, it should be rejected. The management approves an investment or a project if its IRR is higher than the cost of capital or the required rate of return.